Animals need food and water to grow and stay healthy.
Animals need air to stay alive.
The grasshopper in container P is dead because there is no air. It cannot breathe.
The grasshopper in container Q is alive because there is air.
Animals need shelter to protect themselves from dangers, the sun and the rain.
Bears and bats live in caves. Caves protect these animals from their enemies, the sun and the rain.
Birds and bees build nests. Nests protect the eggs and the young.
Pets like birds, hamsters and dogs are kept in cages to prevent them from being eaten by other bigger animals.
Earthworms, rabbits and rats shelter in holes in the ground.